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Ecology and Life
The puppy room easing life's pain in a stroke
Gentle wobblings of a 'foul gull' fulmar
Frigatebird returns to nest on Ascension for first time since Darwin
New to Nature No 94: Canthigaster criobe
Uggie: 'He likes to fly first class'
It's a dog's life in China: sold for £1m or stolen and sold as meat
Malibu residents hire crew to remove rotting whale carcass from beach
Yellowstone's popular alpha female wolf shot dead by hunters outside park
What I miss most in the dead time of winter is the insects
BSE testing on cattle slaughtered for food 'no longer necessary'
Malaysia seizes 1,500 elephant tusks headed for China
The vibrant river was a welcome relief after the bleak, snow-covered fields
TV Review: Miniature Britain; Weight Loss Ward; Rome
Marine conservation group says UK lacks ambition to preserve seas
UK seas to gain 31 marine conservation zones
Live animal exports going via previously unknown routes
When a dozing otter steals the show
Newly discovered slow loris species already threatened
What the male bowerbird can teach us about home furnishings
Could this really be the fearsome, legendary Girt Dog reincarnate?
Overfishing is a solvable environmental challenge for the EU
Life comes cheap for winter wrens
Ash trees consumed by something of the night
Foie gras taken off menu in House of Lords
  The tracks in the snow revealed the secrets of these night visitors
One of the tantalising and intriguing aspects of the acre of garden and paddock is the relatively unseen night life. Admittedly, I have explored some aspects of this, such as running a moth trap, with a mercury vapour bulb, on some summer nights. None of the moths are harmed and the range of species, with some evocative names, is a constant source of wonder. The night-flying bats pipistrelle and brown long-eared breed in the loft space, and sometimes I can see them at dusk.

The night mammals I see most are the badgers, as I know where they like to feed in a damp area by the lower fence. Keeping quiet, with a red filtered torch, I can see them in the darkest of nights. Otherwise, as far as the other nocturnal land mammals are concerned, I have to make do with the occasional droppings and tracks in mud by the large pond.

Last week, however, with the snow at the right depth and at the right time, the tracks revealed some of the secrets of these night visitors. A noticeable absence was that of any badger tracks, but it could well be that on such cold nights they wisely stay in their setts. As for a stoat, I have not seen or had any sign of any for at least three years, although before that we had regular sightings as they hunt by day and night. So it was a surprise to see the tracks of one: they were only three feet from the back door, in the very area where the five dachshunds regularly exercise.

It is many years since I have seen a fox on this ground, and I have probably only seen one two or three times in 25 years. Yet the snow revealed that one had left the moribund birch and rowan woodland above the house, and then walked past within three feet of my study door before jumping over the fence into the paddock. The tracks of foxes are some of the easiest to identify as in their normal gait they place each foot in front of the other so that a long line is revealed.

Just occasionally I have caught the fox's characteristic scent where one has marked its territory. The other giveaway is the occasional scream, especially in the mating season in January. Although it is generally believed to be the vixen, the dog fox will also occasionally scream.

The other surprise in the snow was the pine marten, as again it is many years since I have actually seen one. Yet there under the fruit trees and crisscrossing were the tracks of one. It looked as though it was eying up the bird feeders hanging from the branches.
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A badger's biscuit-sized footprints in the snow follow the field edge
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The lake is muted under the winter sun, like a faint watercolour painting
Should the RSPCA have pursued the man who ate a live goldfish?
Days of heavy rain have left the ancient woodland sodden
Alice Roberts: Rudolph and our early ancestors a love story
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The tracks in the snow revealed the secrets of these night visitors
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